PTEN activation through K163 acetylation by inhibiting HDAC6 contributes to tumour inhibition

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), an important tumour-suppressor gene, is mutated, downregulated or dysfunctional in many tumours. The phosphatase activity of PTEN depends on membrane translocation (activation). As promising anti-cancer agents, histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, particularly trichostatin A (TSA), can promote PTEN membrane translocation, but the underlying mechanism remains unknown. In this study, we revealed that non-selective HDAC inhibitors, namely, TSA or suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), induced PTEN membrane translocation through PTEN acetylation at K163 by inhibiting HDAC6. K163 acetylation inhibited the interaction of the PTEN C-tail with the remaining part of PTEN, resulting in PTEN membrane translocation. Overexpression of wild-type PTEN, but not K163-mutated PTEN, facilitated the inhibition of cell proliferation, migration and invasion, as well as xenograft tumour growth, induced by SAHA or tubastatin A, an HDAC6-specific inhibitor. These results indicated that PTEN activation by inhibiting HDAC6 significantly contributed to tumour inhibition. Therefore, non-selective HDAC or HDAC6-specific inhibitors may be more clinically suitable to treat tumours without PTEN mutations or deletions.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles