Hodgkin Lymphoma Outcome: A Retrospective Study from 3 Tertiary Centers in Saudi Arabia

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Background: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) exhibits considerable clinicopathological variations in different parts of the world. This study was prompted by the limited availability of HL data in developing countries (particularly long-term outcomes). Methods: We performed a retrospective review of eligible adult HL patients treated at 3 tertiary centers in Saudi Arabia between January 1997 and December 2012. Results: The review included 340 patients with a median age of 26 years (range 15-82 years); 53% were male, 74% had an advanced stage, 22% had bulky disease, and 70% had low-to-intermediate risk according to the International Prognostic Score. Nodular sclerosis was the most common histological subtype (59%). Adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) was offered to 92% and radiotherapy to 43%. Initial therapy outcomes were complete response, partial response, and progressive disease in 91%, 5%, and 2% of patients, respectively. At a median follow-up of 39 months, the actuarial freedom from treatment failure at 5 years was 74%, with a 5-year overall survival of 91%. Multivariate analysis showed that advanced disease stage and high-risk international prognostic index independently predicted an adverse outcome. Conclusion: Our Saudi patient population exhibited outcomes that were comparable to those reported in developed countries.

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