The objective of this study was to investigate differences in masseter metabolism by 31P-Chemical Shift Imaging (CSI) in adult individuals with different vertical facial patterns. The clinical study should be supported by functional findings at the mRNA level after orthognathic surgery.Study Design.
Twenty-two male volunteers (mean age 24.6) were divided into a deep-bite (NL/ML 11.8 ± 2.3°) and open-bite group (NL/ML 34.1 ± 2.6°). Vertical jaw relationship, gonial angle, and masseter volume were defined and compared with the phosphate values obtained from the 31P spectra. Student t test and regression analysis were used.Results.
Phosphocreatine related strongly to muscle volume (P < .001), gonial angle (P < .001), and ML/NL angle (P < .01). Pi was found to be related to gonial angle (P < .05). Muscle volume was found to be inversely related to ML/NL (P < .01) and to the gonial angle (P < .01).Conclusions.
A difference in masseter muscle metabolism between long- and short-faced subjects was confirmed at rest position.