Experimental comparison of the effects of locally administered zoledronic acid and alendronate on the rate of mandibular distraction osteogenesis in dogs

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Abstract

Objective.

The objective of this study was the evaluation of effects of locally administered zoledronic acid and alendronate on rate of osteogenesis in distracted mandible of dogs.

Study Design.

Following mandibular corticotomy, bone segments were maintained in a neutral position by distractor for 7 days then distraction was initiated at a rate of 0.5 mm twice a day for 10 days to achieve a total distraction of 10 mm, followed by a consolidation period. Animals were divided into 3 equal groups according to the injected drug (saline solution [control], zoledronic acid, alendronate). The dogs were killed 2, 6, and 10 weeks following distraction and samples were collected for radiographic examination, assessment of bone mineral density, and histopathological evaluation.

Results.

Radiographs and histopathological results pointed out that bone formation and maturation of experimental groups were faster than those of the control group.

Conclusions.

Local administration of zoledronic acid and alendronate proved to be effective in shortening the consolidation period.

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