Clinical study on mandibular fracture after marginal resection of the mandible

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Abstract

Objectives.

Postoperative mandibular fracture (PMF) after marginal resection (MR) of the mandible remains an unresolved issue, and it has been reported that at least 10 mm of postoperative mandibular body height (PMBH) is required to prevent PMF. This study evaluated the clinical, physical, and structural risk factors for PMF in MR patients and determined appropriate preventive measures for PMF.

Study Design.

This retrospective study included 44 patients with lower gingival carcinoma who underwent MR. PMF occurred in four of these patients. Thirteen associated factors identified from medical records and radiographs were statistically analyzed.

Results.

Mandibular body height (MBH) preservation ratio originally evaluated as less than 0.3, more than 20 remaining teeth after surgery, and inferior alveolar canal (IAC) exposure were significant risk factors for PMF. Prostheses and number of remaining teeth were also correlated with PMF.

Conclusions.

The preserved mandibular bone should be reinforced in patients with an MBH preservation ratio of less than 0.3, more than 20 remaining teeth after surgery, and intraoperative IAC exposure. Patients with prostheses are at an increased risk of PMF compared with those without because of stable occlusion and a strong occlusal force. Our novel findings provide useful reference standards for PMF prevention in MR patients.

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