The management of atrophic mandibular fractures has been a challenge for maxillofacial surgeons for decades. During the past 70 years, various techniques for treating edentulous mandibular fractures have been advocated. These techniques have been praised, criticized, abandoned, improved, and used in combination with other methods. Although some of the principles of management outlined before the end of World War II are still valid in today's technological era, other concepts did not survive the test of time. The aim of this paper is to examine the evolution of treatment modalities for the management of atrophic mandibular fractures that have been employed over the years. Debates and discussions generated by this topic are included. Current techniques and treatment philosophies with thoughts for future therapies are provided.