Relationship between sjögren syndrome and periodontal status: A systematic review

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Abstract

Objective.

This study aimed to examine whether Sjögren syndrome (SS) is related to periodontal status.

Study Design.

A systematic review was performed on the basis of PRISMA (PROSPERO: CRD42017055202). A search was performed in the PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, Web of Science, and Science Direct databases. Hand searches and review of the gray literature were also performed. Three researchers independently selected studies, extracted data, and assessed methodologic quality. Studies that correlated primary and/or secondary SS with plaque index, gingival index, probing depth, and bleeding on probing were included. The risk of bias was estimated on the basis of the Newcastle-Ottawa scale.

Results.

Seventeen studies were included in the review and 9 included in the meta-analysis, with a total of 518 and 544 patients, with or without SS, respectively. The mean difference of plaque index (0.29; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.17-0.41), gingival index (0.52; 95% CI 0.14-0.89), and bleeding on probing (9.92; 95% CI 4.37-15.47) were larger in patients with SS than in controls. In primary SS (0.47; 95% CI 0.10-0.83) and secondary SS (0.74; 95% CI 0.10-1.38), only the mean gingival index was larger compared with that in control group. The majority of the included studies were judged as having a high risk of bias.

Conclusions.

The present review did not provide strong evidence that periodontal status is affected by SS.

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