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A 60-year-old woman presented with a painless swelling in the right preauricular region. Physical examination revealed a soft, nontender, oval-shaped lump in this location. Computed tomography indicated an anterolateral cystic lesion that was attached to the condyle of the mandible and to the accessory parotid gland. Differential diagnoses included ganglion cyst, synovial cyst of the temporomandibular joint, and accessory parotid gland cyst. Surgical removal of the cyst was performed with the patient under general anesthesia. The specimen was 18 × 20 × 18 mm in size; it contained fluid that was clear, slightly yellow, and amylase positive. Hematoxylin and eosin staining revealed that a bilayer cuboidal epithelium lined the cyst wall. Immunohistochemical analyses of the cyst wall showed strong expression of cytokeratin and weak expression of vimentin. The final diagnosis was a salivary duct cyst. The postoperative course was uneventful except for a transient facial motor paresis.