Mucosal blood flow during various intravenous and inhalational anesthetics in the rabbit

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Abstract

Objective.

The goal of this study was to compare the effects of nitrous oxide (N2O), isoflurane (ISO), fentanyl (FENT), and propofol (PROP) on the tongue mucosal blood flow (TMBF) in rabbits.

Study design.

TMBF was measured with a laser Doppler flow meter before and after the administration of 50% N2O (n = 7), 1.0 and 1.5 minimum alveolar concentration ISO (n = 6), 10, 20, and 40 μg/kg FENT (n = 8) or 100, 200 and 400 μg/kg/min PROP (n = 7). Hemodynamic variables including heart rate, systolic blood pressure (SBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and aortic blood flow (AoF) were continuously monitored. Total peripheral resistance (TPR) was calculated as MAP divided by AoF.

Results.

An increase in TMBF along with reductions in SBP, MAP and TPR were observed in ISO group. In FENT group, TMBF was decreased, whereas other hemodynamic variables showed no change. TMBF in groups N2O and PROP did not change.

Conclusion.

These results indicate that TMBF depends on the anesthetic used.

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