Three-dimensional computed tomography evaluation of postsurgical condylar displacement after mandibular osteotomy

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Abstract

Objective.

The purpose of this study was to examine both condylar displacement of the temporomandibular joint after sagittal split ramus osteotomy with rigid osteosynthesis and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy without osteosynthesis in patients with mandibular prognathism by means of three-dimensional computed tomography.

Study design.

In this pilot study, five patients treated with sagittal split ramus osteotomy and 5 patients treated with intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy were evaluated. A technique to superimpose a postoperative three-dimensional computed tomography image on its corresponding preoperative image was designed. Postoperative condylar displacement, rotation, and tilting were measured in three-dimensional computed tomography images.

Results.

Within 3 to 6 months after surgery, changes in the inclination of the condylar axes were distinctly seen, although changes in the position of the condyles within the joints were minimal. In particular, outward rotation of the condylar long axes after intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy was a frequent finding.

Conclusions.

The three-dimensional computed tomography superimposition technique was a practical method of evaluating post-surgical condylar displacement after mandibular osteotomy.

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