Influence of shaft design on the shaping ability of 3 nickel-titanium rotary systems by means of spiral computerized tomography

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Abstract

Objective.

To evaluate the influence of shaft design on the shaping ability of 3 rotary nickel-titanium (NiTi) systems.

Study design.

Sixty curved mesial canals of mandibular molars were used. Specimens were scanned by spiral tomography before and after canal preparation using ProTaper, ProFile, and ProSystem GT rotary instruments. One-millimeter-thick slices were scanned from the apical end point to the pulp chamber. The cross-sectional images from the slices taken earlier and after canal preparation at the apical, coronal, and midroot levels were compared.

Results.

The mean working time was 137.22 ± 5.15 s. Mean transportation, mean centering ratio, and percentage of area increase were 0.022 ± 0.131 mm, 0.21 ± 0.11, and 76.90 ± 42.27%, respectively, with no statistical differences (P> .05).

Conclusions.

All instruments were able to shape curved mesial canals in mandibular molars to size 30 without significant errors. The differences in shaft designs seemed not to affect their shaping capabilities.

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