Dacryocystoceles in the Aftermath of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome


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Abstract

Although Stevens-Johnson syndrome has been reported to result in canalicular and nasolacrimal duct obstruction, reports of dacryocystocele formation are lacking. We describe the occurrence and management of bilateral dacryocystoceles related to Stevens-Johnson syndrome. A 45-year-old man, recovered from Stevens-Johnson syndrome, presented with bilateral medial canthal masses and intermittent overlying facial cellulitis. Examination revealed severe keratitis sicca with extensive corneal scarring, cicatricial occlusion of all puncta, and palpable medial canthal masses bilaterally. Computed tomography demonstrated bilateral cystic masses consistent with dacryocystoceles. Bilateral lacrimal sac/cyst excision was attempted, but the left cyst recurred within 6 months after surgery. A dacryocystorhinostomy was then performed, effectively marsupializing the cyst. The puncta were not canalized and stents were not placed. The masses have not recurred with 2 years of follow-up. Dacryocystoceles may arise in the setting of Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Successful management may be achieved with marsupialization to the nasal cavity (dacryocystorhinostomy).

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