Anatomy-Based Surgical Concepts for Individualized Orbital Decompression Surgery in Graves Orbitopathy. I. Orbital Size and Geometry

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Purpose:To analyze orbital morphological parameters that potentially could influence the effect of decompression surgery on exophthalmos reduction in Graves orbitopathy, thus making decompression surgery more predictable.Methods:To generate a reference database, a CT-based study was performed in 140 orbits obtained from adult patients with unaffected orbits in a European white ethnicity. The following parameters were chosen: orbital volume, globe volume, globe to orbital volume ratio, and orbital cone angle. Volumes were measured on postprocessed CT data using morphometric techniques. To define the cone angle, a 3-dimensional approach was chosen using the program Amira.Results:Significant interindividual variation was found in orbital volume from 18.9 to 33.4 ml and in globe volume from 6.0 to 10.1 ml. The globe to orbital volume ratio showed a relatively broad variation from 0.25 to 0.4. Differences in the orbital cone angle from 39.7° to 65.7° were observed.Conclusion:The experienced large variations in orbital morphology might significantly influence the degree of exophthalmos reduction, which can be obtained by standardized decompression procedures. Based on our results, a prospective clinical study will be conducted to test our hypothesis.

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