Current and future trends in the use of immunosuppressive agents in patients with uveitis

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Therapeutic trials for uveitis are seldom performed because of the relative rarity of the disease and its heterogeneity. Promising new approaches to therapy include cytokine or cytokine receptor inhibition; cytokine addition (α-interferon or interleukin-10); novel anti-metabolites; combination therapies; intravenous immunoglobulin; intravitreally inserted corticosteroid implants; and oral tolerance. Additional modalities or targets that deserve further testing include T-cell subsets, adhesion molecules, accessory molecules in antigen presentation, novel inflammatory mediators, inducers of apoptosis, photodynamic therapy, and neuroprotective agents.

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