Ocular complications of topical, peri-ocular, and systemic corticosteroids


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Abstract

Topical ophthalmic, oral, and intravenous corticosteroids have long been associated with ocular side effects. Recent data suggest that inhaled corticosteroids are also associated with the development of cataract and increased intraocular pressure. Thus far, nasally administered steroids have not been associated with the same effects. Local injection of steroids, even at sites far from the eye, have been associated with the development of cataract, glaucoma, and even retinal and choroidal emboli. Any physician prescribing corticosteroids should be aware of these potential ocular side effects and should advise patients accordingly.

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