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The role of scotopic pupil size as a factor in predicting night vision complaints is controversial. This review summarizes reports in the literature, some that have found and some that have failed to find a correlation with scotopic pupil size and night vision complaints.Pupil-measuring devices are discussed along with informed consent issues and reports showing that wavefront aberrations increase with increasing pupil size. A new objective measuring device (Larson) showed a correlation with postoperative starbursts and pupil size and a decrease in starbursts with wavefront-guided treatments compared with conventional excimer laser treatments. Cortical adaptation allows many patients to adapt to their new night vision. Treatment options for those who remain symptomatic include drops to reduce pupil size and wavefront-guided retreatments.Reports in the literature are conflicting, and refractive surgeons would be wise to inform their patients that large scotopic pupil size is a potential risk factor for night vision complaints. By doing this they will follow the recommendations in recent patient information brochures of both VISX (Santa Clara, California) and Alcon (Orlando, Florida) and on the United States Food and Drug Administration web site.