Refractive approaches to visual rehabilitation in patients with keratoconus

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Purpose of reviewAs keratoconus is a chronic disease affecting young people, vision-related quality of life is often significantly impaired in patients with this disease. However, successful management of keratoconus, including visual rehabilitation strategies, can improve quality of life in these patients. This review will describe clinical approaches that improve vision-related quality of life in patients with stable keratoconus.Recent findingsSeveral types of contact lenses including scleral lenses have been used successfully to manage keratoconus. Eyes with severe keratoconus, even those in which fitting with other types of lenses is challenging, can be successfully fitted with scleral lenses. Although laser ablative procedures, such as photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) have been traditionally contraindicated in patients diagnosed with or suspected of having keratoconus, PRK has been attempted to partially correct refractive errors in keratoconus. Although phototherapeutic keratectomy and radial keratotomy have been reported to be used in eyes with keratoconus, effectiveness and safety results have varied. Implantation of phakic intraocular lenses and intraocular lenses, including toric intraocular lenses, which primarily correct regular astigmatism, with cataract extraction or refractive lens exchange can improve vision-related quality of life in patients with keratoconus by significantly reducing cylinder while improving uncorrected visual acuity.SummaryAppropriate selection and application of treatment options based on consideration of multiple factors will help patients with keratoconus, improving their vision-related quality of life and delaying or avoiding keratoplasty.

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