Paralytic Ectropion: A Complication of Malar Implant Surgery

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Abstract

The use of the malar implant to augment the malar-zygomatic eminence is rapidly becoming a popular aesthetic procedure; however, this surgery can lead to paralysis or paresis of the facial nerve. Paralytic ectropion may result from orbicularis oculi dysfunction. We report two cases of paralytic ectropion as a result of malar implant placement. Conservative management for mild orbicularis oculi dysfunction consisted of topical lubricants and observation, whereas persistent ectropion required surgical repair. Paralytic ectropion and secondary exposure keratopathy are possible complications of malar implant surgery.

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