The Endoscopic Forehead Lift

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Abstract

Endoscopic techniques are being successfully applied to address eyebrow and forehead ptosis. The methods rely on extensive subperiosteal and subgaleal release of the forehead and scalp flap, allowing the elevation of soft tissues. Ablation of the depressor supercilli and procerus can be performed to address skin folding in the glabellar region. The mobilized frontotemporal flap is then elevated to the desired level and fixated with microscrews to the outer table of the skull. Laterally, the flap is fixed to the deep temporalis fascia. The technique relies upon a solid knowledge of the regional anatomy and the use of specialized instruments now available for dissecting under the flap. The endoscopic forehead lift can achieve results comparable to those obtained by the open coronal forehead lift while minimizing the incidence and extent of postoperative cutaneous anesthesia and telegenic hair loss, which frequently follows open coronal forehead surgery. In addition, the endoscopic technique is able to address eyebrow ptosis in the balding male without causing disfiguring scarring.

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