Adult-Onset Asthma Associated With Periocular Xanthogranuloma: New Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approaches in a Very Rare Systemic Disease

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Purpose:To report some novel findings concerning the systemic manifestations and treatment of adult-onset asthma and periocular xanthogranuloma, a rare type of non-Langerhans histiocytosis that can lead to important visual dysfunction.Methods:A retrospective case series of 2 patients was evaluated for orbital and systemic manifestations using fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT and/or orbital MRI. Histological specimens were reviewed in all patients. Oral prednisone was initiated at 1 mg/kg daily and gradually tapered to a minimum effective dose. Efficacy was assessed on the basis of an objective observation of decreased swelling.Results:One patient displayed original uptake foci involving intrathoracic lymphadenopathies, the trajectory of the paraumbilical vein and perirectal fat. Low-dose prednisone was able to induce a durable response in the authors’ patients.Conclusions:Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT may be useful for the diagnostic workup and follow-up assessment of patients with adult-onset asthma and periocular xanthogranuloma. Oral corticosteroids can be used successfully as first-line treatment in such patients.

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