Pilomatrix Carcinoma of the Eyebrow

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Abstract

Pilomatrix carcinoma is an uncommon malignant neoplasm originating from the hair follicle matrix. It occurs more frequently in head and neck region and rarely on the eyelid and eyebrow. It is often clinically misdiagnosed. The diagnosis is confirmed by excision biopsy and histopathological examination. A 68-year-old woman presented with a mass on her left eyebrow mimicking sebaceous cyst. An excisional biopsy with 4-mm margin was performed under frozen section. Histopathology demonstrated pilomatrix carcinoma with cystic degeneration. Periocular malignancies can have unusual origins with specific clinical features. Preoperative clinical examination is mandatory to rule out unusual features and thereby ensure appropriate management to prevent serious complications.

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