Dermalive Facial Filler Granulomas Masquerading as Neurofibromas

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Abstract

A 56-year-old woman presented with periocular nodules that were clinically suspected to be neurofibromas. Histopathologic examination of excised nodules revealed a pronounced granulomatous reaction to a foreign material that was composed of glossy polygonal palely eosinophilic fragments. These fragments were outlined in red with Masson trichrome, stained gray with the elastic stain, and were uniformly red with Gomori methenamine silver staining. The histopathologic appearance was consistent with a granulomatous reaction to Dermalive facial filler. Postoperatively the patient admitted that she had filler injections many years earlier in another country, and that nodules appeared 1 year after injection. Treatment with steroids, intralesional immunosuppressive agents and surgery had been previously attempted to eradicate the nodules. The literature pertaining to granulomatous reactions to Dermalive and related hybrid facial fillers is reviewed and treatment options are discussed. This report is the first to illustrate the unique histopathologic staining characteristics of Dermalive, which may be useful to ophthalmic pathologists in identifying this uncommon foreign material.

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