Vision and Eye Health in Children 36 to <72 Months: Proposed Data Definitions

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To recommend a standardized approach for measuring progress toward national goals to improve preschool children’s eye health.


A multidisciplinary panel of experts reviewed existing measures and national vision-related goals during a series of face-to-face meetings and conference calls. The panel used a consensus process, informed by existing data related to delivery of eye and non-eye services to preschool children.


Currently, providers of vision screening and eye examinations lack a system to provide national- or state-level estimates of the proportion of children who receive either a vision screening or an eye examination. The panel developed numerator and denominator definitions to measure rates of children “who completed a vision screening in a medical or community setting using a recommended method, or received an eye examination by an optometrist or ophthalmologist at least once between the ages of 36 to <72 months.” A separate measure for children with neurodevelopmental disorders and measures for eye examination and follow-up were also developed. The panel recommended that these measures be implemented at national, state, and local levels.


Standardized performance measures that include all eye services received by a child are needed at state and national levels to measure progress toward improving preschool children’s eye health.

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