The purpose of this study was to establish an age-dependent normative range and factors affecting the migration rate of the corneal subbasal nerve plexus in a healthy control population.METHODS
Corneal nerve migration rate was measured in 60 healthy participants grouped by age: A, aged 20 to 39 years (n = 20); B, 40 to 59 years (n = 20); and C, 60 to 79 years (n = 20). Laser-scanning corneal confocal microscopy was performed on the right eye of all participants at baseline and again after 3 weeks. Fully automated software was used to montage the frames. Distinctive nerve landmarks were manually reidentified between the two montages, and a software program was developed to measure the migration of these landmark points to determine corneal nerve migration rate in micrometers per week (μm/wk).RESULTS
The mean ± SD age of all participants in the study was 47.5 ± 15.5 years; 62% of participants were male. The average corneal nerve migration rates of groups A, B, and C were 42.0 ± 14.0, 42.3 ± 15.5, and 42.0 ± 10.8 μm/wk, respectively (P = .99). There was no difference in corneal nerve migration rate between male (41.1 ± 13.5 μm/wk) and female (43.7 ± 13.2 μm/wk) participants (P = .47). There was no significant correlation between age (P = .97), smoking (P = .46), alcohol use (P = .61), and body mass index (P = .49, respectively) with corneal nerve migration rate. However, exercise frequency correlated significantly (P = .04) with corneal nerve migration rate.CONCLUSIONS
Corneal nerve migration rate varies in healthy individuals and is not affected by age, sex, or body mass index but is related to physical activity.