Modelling of Threshold and Extraction Efficiency in Pr3+ ZBLAN Upconversion Fibre Lasers Using Two-Photon Pumping

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Abstract

We model the steady-state threshold and extracted power of a two-photon incoherently pumped upconversion fibre laser. Our threshold analysis is entirely analytic, and along with this derivation we obtain an analytic threshold cutback formula. This takes a particularly simple form when the ground state pump absorption follows exponential absorption. We also numerically simulate the extracted laser power. The experiment which we simulate is upconversion in Pr3+ doped ZBLAN fibre lasing at 491 nm and pumped with 1017 nm and 835 nm diode lasers. Our formulas and simulations are mutually consistent and agree with the experiment to within 10%.

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