Sinus floor elevation using autogenous bone or bone substitute combined with platelet-rich plasma

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ObjectiveSinus augmentation is a common approach for patients with severe alveolar ridge atrophy. However, autogenous bone sometimes results in donor site complications. Bone substitutes with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) promote early bone formation with autogenous bone. Use of PRP on autogenous bone and a bovine bone substitute were investigated in this split-mouth animal study.Study designPremolars were extracted from minipigs. Each animal received sinus augmentation using a lateral approach with simultaneous insertion of 3 implants in each site. Groups were randomized using autogenous bone alone and combined with PRP or a bovine hydroxyapatite alone in combination with PRP.ResultsMicroradiographic findings in the autogenous group did not show significantly different rates by using autogenous bone alone or combined with PRP. Using the bovine hydroxyapatite as augmentation material only at 8 weeks, a nonsignificant effect in the PRP group could be seen. At all other observation periods, no significant influence was observed.ConclusionNo significant influence of PRP was found.

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