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BioAggregate is a new product that was formulated for root-end filling, perforation repair, and pulp capping. This study examined the chemical differences between white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and BioAggregate in both powder and set forms using X-ray diffraction. The results showed that white MTA and BioAggregate have a similar chemical composition with some differences: BioAggregate contains a significant amount of tantalum oxide instead of bismuth oxide. In both groups, similar peaks were observed in the set and powder form, but sharper and stronger peaks were observed in the powder samples.