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Traction is a treatment modality used for the reduction or immobilization of fractures or dislocations. It is used to maintain alignment, decrease muscle spasms, relieve pain, correct, lessen or prevent deformities, expand joint spaces prior to surgery, promote rest to diseased or injured body parts and to promote exercise. Nurses need a working knowledge of the various types of traction along with its rationale, correct setup, and maintenance. They must become familiar with potential complications and use nursing diagnoses to work with patients to strive to achieve expected patient outcomes.