|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
Case series.Five consecutive collegiate Division I wrestlers, with a mean age of 20.2 years (range, 18-22 years), were treated postsurgical stabilization to address posterior glenohumeral joint instability. All received physical therapy postoperatively, consisting of range-of-motion, strengthening, and plyometrics exercises, neuromuscular re-education, and sport-specific training. Functional outcome scores using the Penn Shoulder Score questionnaire were recorded at postsurgical initial evaluation and discharge. Isometric shoulder strength, measured with a handheld dynamometer at discharge, was compared with measurements made during preseason screening.Postsurgery, upon initial physical therapy evaluation, scores on the Penn Shoulder Score questionnaire ranged from 37 to 74 out of 100. All 5 wrestlers improved with rehabilitation such that their scores at discharge ranged from 81 to 91 out of 100. Mean external rotation-internal rotation strength ratio for the involved shoulder was 73.5% (range, 55.9%-88.7%) preseason and 80.9% (range, 70.2%-104.1%) postrehabilitation. Four patients were able to return to wrestling over a period of 1 season, with no episodes of reinjury to their surgically repaired shoulder.Current research on posterior glenohumeral instability is limited, due to the relatively rare diagnosis and infrequent need for surgical intervention. Providing a structured physical therapy program following this surgical procedure appeared to have assisted in a return to full functional activities and sports.Therapy, level 4.