Total laryngectomy and T3-T4 laryngeal cancer without other adverse histopathology

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to determine the postoperative management, incidence of tumor recurrence in the neck, and outcome in laryngeal cancer patients whose risk for tumor relapse is not clear.

STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING:

Thirty patients (27 of whom had transglottic tumors) met the study criteria (resected T3-T4 laryngeal cancer, histologically negative cervical nodes, and no other adverse histopathology). A group of 12 patients who underwent surgery alone was compared with a second group of 18 patients with similar characteristics but who received postoperative radiotherapy.

RESULTS:

Overall survival at five years was 50% in the surgery alone group and 61% in the combined therapy group (P = 0.63). Among the 28 evaluable patients with a median follow-up of 44 months, the relapse rate in the neck was 25% in the surgery alone group and was 0% in the postoperatively irradiated group (P = 0.07). Recurrences in the neck remained uncontrolled in two of the three patients at the time of death.

CONCLUSION AND SIGNIFICANCE:

Postoperative radiotherapy deserves consideration in selected cases of T3-T4 laryngeal cancer without adverse histopathology.

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