Macrolide Therapy for Chronic Rhinosinusitis: A Meta-analysis

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Abstract

Objective.

The objective of this study was to systematically review patient-reported outcomes of long-term macrolide therapy, compared with any other treatment, for adults with chronic rhinosinusitis.

Data Sources.

EMBASE and PubMed databases were searched in October 2011.

Review Methods.

A total of 1216 citations were screened initially by a single author, 23 full-text manuscripts were evaluated by 2 authors using structured data abstraction forms to assess for inclusion criteria and study quality, and 3 studies were included in the final review.

Results.

This review finds that 3 prospective clinical studies have evaluated the effect of macrolide therapy for chronic rhinosinusitis. Based on the limited data, there is limited scientific evidence to support the use of long-term macrolide therapy for chronic rhinosinusitis.

Conclusion.

Further clinical research is needed to determine whether there may be a subgroup effect based on the underlying inflammatory disease process.

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