Adverse Events in Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Infectious Orbital Complications of Sinusitis: 30-Day NSQIP Pediatric Outcomes

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ObjectiveIdentify predictors of adverse events for children who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for treatment of orbital complications associated with sinusitis.Study DesignCross-sectional analysis of a US national database.SettingAmerican College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP), pediatric version (2012-2015).Subjects and MethodsPatients were identified with a combination of codes from the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision and 2014 Current Procedural Terminology. Our primary outcome measure was adverse events, which were compared with clinical risk factors to examine for any associations.ResultsA total of 57 patients were included for analysis. No significant relationship was identified between 30-day postoperative adverse events and age, sex, race, body mass index, prematurity, history of asthma, steroid use (within 30 days), and preoperative white blood cell count. There was a statistically significant increase in adverse events for those patients who underwent delayed surgery (P < .0001). No serious adverse events related to death, sepsis, nerve injury (eg, visual loss), or other organ space infections (eg, intracranial infection) were identified. After controlling for age group and race, delayed operative intervention was a significant clinical predictor of adverse events (odds ratio = 25.65; 95% CI, 3.86-170.45; P = .0008). We observed unplanned reoperation and readmission rates of 5.3% and 7%, respectively.ConclusionsEndoscopic surgical drainage for infectious orbital complications of sinusitis in children appears to be safe. Serious or significant adverse events were uncommon. Areas for improvement include limiting and reducing unplanned reoperations and readmissions.

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