Precurved Cochlear Implants and Tip Foldover: A Cadaveric Imaging Study

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ObjectiveThis study aims to define a reliable protocol for radiographic identification of placement and tip foldover of newly designed precurved and straight electrodes.Study DesignProspective imaging study.SettingAcademic institution.MethodsThree models of cochlear implants (Cochlear, MED-EL, and Advanced Bionics) were inserted into fresh cadaveric specimens (n = 2) in 3 configurations (normal positioning in the scala tympani, intracochlear tip foldover, and placement into the vestibular system) for a total of 9 implant scenarios. Specimens were imaged with plain radiography in Stenvers projection, as well as by high-resolution computed tomography.ResultsElectrode placement and presence or absence of electrode tip foldover were easily identified in all 9 scenarios on plain radiography based on the described technique. Each was confirmed with high-resolution computed tomography. Plain film temporal bone images of new electrode designs with proper and improper placement are provided for reference.ConclusionA defined protocol for intraoperative plain film radiography allowed for reliable imaging of 3 newly designed cochlear implant electrodes and immediate identification of extracochlear placement and tip foldover. Findings may be used for intraoperative confirmation of electrode array placement.

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