The Association of External Transfer Status with Adverse Outcomes in Otolaryngology

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Abstract

Objective

To compare rates of morbidity and mortality in patients treated by otolaryngologists who undergo interhospital transfers vs those who do not and to quantify conditions requiring interhospital transfers in this population.

Study Design

Cohort study.

Setting

American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program.

Subjects and Methods

We identified patients requiring surgery by otolaryngologists in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2006 to 2013. We compared patients who were transferred from an outside institution to those admitted from home. Multivariate regression was used to adjust for patient characteristics, comorbidities, and case mix. The primary outcome was overall morbidity and mortality within 30 days of surgery.

Results

We identified 60,498 patients; 488 (0.8%) were transferred from another institution. Operations that were more common in the transferred group were incision and drainage (24.0% vs 1.2%), facial trauma repair (9.0% vs 3.1%), and oropharyngeal hemorrhage control (3.9% vs 0.4%). External transfer patients had significantly longer hospital stays (44.1% vs 4.4% >7 days, P < .05). On unadjusted analysis, transferred patients had a significantly higher rate of morbidity and mortality (odds ratio [OR], 11.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 9.4-13.5). On multivariate analysis, transferred patients had a significantly greater rate of morbidity and mortality (OR, 3.1; 95% CI, 2.4-4.0).

Conclusion

Transfer from another institution is associated with worse outcomes independent of case mix, demographics, and preoperative comorbidities in acute otolaryngology conditions requiring surgery. Practitioners should be aware of this when caring for transfer patients, and transfer status should be considered when measuring hospital quality.

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