Watch Peripheral Arterial Tonometry in the Diagnosis of Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea

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Abstract

Objective

To assess the accuracy and clinical reliability of watch peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) compared with polysomnography (PSG) for the diagnosis of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

Study Design

Prospective, diagnostic test study.

Setting

National tertiary referral hospital.

Subjects and Methods

Patients aged 8 to 15 years with clinically suspected OSA were recruited. All participants underwent PSG and PAT simultaneously in the sleep laboratory.

Results

Thirty-six patients were included, with a mean age of 10.2 ± 1.8 years. Median (interquartile range) of the apnea hypopnea index (AHI) was 8.0 (5.5-12) and 2.9 (0.5-7.5) events/h, median oxygen desaturation index (ODI) was 2.5 (1.4-8.3) and 1.3 (0.2-3.8) events/h, mean ± standard deviation total sleep time was 398.4 ± 38.3 and 401.9 ± 36.1 minutes, and mean minimum oxygen saturation was 87.1% ± 8.1% and 89.4% ± 7.1% for PSG and PAT sleep parameter results, respectively. Agreement between methods was excellent for the AHI (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC]: 0.89; 95% CI, 0.40-0.96; P < .001) and ODI (ICC: 0.87; 95% CI, 0.69-0.94; P < .001). Correlation between methods was very good for the ODI (r = 0.83; 95% CI, 0.67-0.90; P < .001) and moderate for the AHI (r = 0.64; 95% CI, 0.30-0.85; P < .001). From the receiver operating characteristic curve constructed to assess PAT diagnostic capability, AHI of PAT (W-AHI) at a cutoff of 3.5 events/h provided the highest accuracy (76.9% sensitivity, 78.3% specificity), while W-AHI at 10 events/h yielded 91.3% specificity for diagnosing severe OSA.

Conclusion

PAT correlated well and had good agreement with PSG. Children with W-AHI ≥10 had high specificity for the diagnosis of severe OSA. Larger studies with PAT designed for children across all age ranges and with a normal control group are still needed.

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