The Ability of Human Nasal Inferior Turbinate–Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells to Repair Vocal Fold Injuries

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objective

This study investigated the ability of implanted human nasal inferior turbinate–derived mesenchymal stem cells (hTMSCs) to repair injured vocal folds. To this end, we used quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to analyze the early phase of wound healing and histopathological analysis to explore the late phase of wound healing in xenograft animal models.

Study Design

Prospective animal study.

Setting

Research laboratory.

Subjects and Methods

The right-side lamina propria of the vocal fold was injured in 20 rabbits and 30 rats. Next, hTMSCs were implanted into half of the injured vocal folds (hTMSC groups). As a control, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) was injected into the other half of the injured vocal folds (PBS groups). Rat vocal folds were harvested for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) at 1 week after injury. Rabbit vocal folds were evaluated endoscopically and the larynges harvested for histological and immunohistochemical examination at 2 and 8 weeks after injury.

Results

In the hTMSC group, PCR showed that hyaluronan synthase (HAS) 1, HAS 2, and transforming growth factor (TGF)–β1 were significantly upregulated compared with the PBS group. Procollagen type III (COL III) messenger RNA expression was significantly upregulated in the PBS group compared with the normal group. Histological analyses showed that hTMSC administration afforded more favorable collagen and hyaluronic acid deposition than was evident in the controls. Implanted hTMSCs were observed in injured vocal folds 2 weeks after implantation.

Conclusions

Our results show that hTMSCs implantation into injured vocal folds facilitated vocal fold regeneration, with presenting antifibrotic effects.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles