Preliminary Assessment of Dynamic Voice CT in Post–Airway Reconstruction Patients

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Abstract

Objectives

To compare the ability of the dynamic voice computed tomography (CT) scan to characterize laryngeal function in airway reconstruction patients vs bedside endoscopic nasopharyngolaryngoscopy and videolaryngostroboscopy.

Study Design

Case series with chart review.

Settings

Pediatric tertiary care center.

Subjects and Methods

Retrospective case series of children and young adults with a history of complex airway surgeries with subsequent dysphonia. We analyzed clinical data for all patients who underwent an airway reconstruction procedure between January 1, 2010, and April 30, 2016, and also had a dynamic voice CT and bedside endoscopic exam during the same period.

Results

Twenty-four patients were analyzed (4 male, 20 female) with a mean age of 15.1 years (95% confidence interval [CI], 12.9-17.22). Patients had a mean of 2.2 airway surgeries (95% CI, 1.8-2.6), with 62.5% of them being open procedures. Laryngotracheoplasty with a cartilage graft was the most common procedure (40.0%). The pattern of laryngeal closure could be detected in all cases with the dynamic CT scan (n = 24/24, 100%) compared to 87.5% (21/24) with the standard endoscopic examination (P = .04). The location of gap closure could be detected in all cases (24/24) with the dynamic voice CT while 20.8% (5/24 patients) could not be rated with standard endoscopy/stroboscopy (P = .02). Dynamic voice CT was able to assess the vertical closure pattern of the glottis 100% (24/24) while it could be detected in 83.3% (20/24) cases with endoscopic study (P = .04).

Conclusion

Dynamic voice CT shows promise as an additional tool for evaluation of patients with a history of complex airway procedures by providing complementary information.

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