Evaluation of c-MYC Status in Primary Acquired Cholesteatoma by Using Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization Technique

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Abstract

Objective:

The object of study was to investigate the status of c-MYC oncogene in primary acquired cholesteatoma.

Study design:

Descriptive study.

Methods

Cholesteatoma samples were obtained from 15 patients with primary acquired cholesteatoma during surgical operation. Fluorescence in situ hybridization with a mixed DNA probe, which is specific for c-MYC located on 8q24 and chromosome 8 specific-alpha-satellite DNA probe (dual color), was used on the interphase nuclei.

Results:

Copy number of c-MYC oncogene and aneuploidy of chromosome 8 were 21.2% ± 14.4% and 21.7% ± 14.8%, respectively. There was no significant difference between copy number of c-MYC and frequency of chromosome 8 aneuploidy (p > 0.05). Ten of 15 cases showed different percentage of c-MYC and chromosome 8 aneuploidy, whereas 5 (33.3%) of 15 cases showed a normal distribution of c-MYC and chromosome 8 signals.

Conclusion:

The copy number of c-MYC in 10 of 15 cases was found to be high as observed for chromosome 8 aneuploidy in primary acquired cholesteatoma. These findings suggest that the ability of hyperproliferation of primary acquired cholesteatoma might have been related to c-MYC copy number by deregulating c-MYC expression.

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