Expression Patterns of Ki-67 and Telomerase Activity in Middle Ear Cholesteatoma

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Abstract

Background:

Keratinocytes in cholesteatoma demonstrate uncoordinated hyperproliferation, migration, and invasion properties. There is a controversy regarding the impact of Ki-67 and telomerase activities on cellular proliferation in cholesteatoma. We studied expression of Ki-67 protein and telomerase activity in cholesteatoma and its relationship with clinical findings.

Methods:

The expression level of Ki-67 protein was examined by immunohistochemical analysis of 51 cholesteatomas and 6 skin tissues obtained from patients during ear surgery. Telomerase activity was determined in 23 samples of cholesteatomas and 6 skin samples by polymerase chain reaction-based telomeric-repeat amplification protocol assay.

Results:

The presence of Ki-67 protein was observed in 21 (41.2%) of 51 samples of acquired cholesteatoma. The average Ki-67 labeling index in the cholesteatoma group was 28.9 ± 9.2 and was higher than that in the skin group (18.2 ± 6.1). Telomerase activity was detected in 2 (8.7%) of 23 samples of cholesteatoma (21 of them were Ki-67 staining positive and 2, negative) and in 3 (50%) of 6 of control skin samples (p < 0.05).

Conclusion:

This study showed increased expression of Ki-67 in cholesteatoma, whereas there was no significant difference in rate of Ki-67 positive staining between skin and cholesteatoma (p = 0.066). Telomerase activation is a rare event in cholesteatoma. We assume that the absence of telomerase may lead to generation dysfunctional telomeres what in turn may impair the proliferative capacity of cholesteatoma.

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