Chronic Otitis Media With Cholesteatoma With Canal Fistula and Bone Conduction Threshold After Tympanoplasty With Mastoidectomy

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Abstract

Objective

To understand the third mobile window effect of chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma with inner ear fistula on the bone conduction threshold, we examined changes in the bone conduction audiogram after tympanoplasty with mastoidectomy for chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma with canal fistula.

Study Design

Retrospective case review.

Setting

Tertiary referral center.

Patients

According to the intraoperative classification of Dornhoffer and Milewski, we focused especially on Type IIa (anatomic bony fistula with no perilymph leak). We checked the bone conduction threshold at least 3 times: just before, just after, and 6 months after surgery in 20 ears with Type IIa lateral semicircular canal fistula.

Intervention

Tympanoplasty with mastoidectomy.

Main Outcome Measure

Bone conduction thresholds before and after tympanoplasty with mastoidectomy.

Results

Compared with the preoperative bone conduction threshold, 6 cases were better, 12 cases were unchanged, and 2 cases were worse within the first postoperative week. Finally, 1 case was better, 15 cases were unchanged, and 4 cases were worse at the sixth postoperative month. Patients with a better bone conduction threshold in the low-tone frequencies immediately after surgery had a tendency to show no preoperative fistula symptoms. Postoperative spontaneous nystagmus had a tendency to be observed in patients with a worse bone conduction threshold in the high-tone frequencies.

Conclusion

The better bone conduction threshold at low-tone frequencies immediately after tympanoplasty with mastoidectomy and no preoperative fistula symptoms might imply the third mobile window theory. The worse bone conduction threshold in high-tone frequencies with spontaneous nystagmus after surgery might indicate inner ear damage.

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