Secondary Endolymphatic Hydrops After Acoustic Trauma

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Abstract

Objective:

This study applied an inner ear test battery in patients with secondary hydrops after acoustic trauma to assess the inner ear deficits.

Study Design:

Retrospective study.

Setting:

University hospital.

Methods:

Twenty patients with secondary hydrops after acoustic trauma were assigned to Group A. The interval between noise exposure and the testing time varied from 1 month to 3 years (median 3 months). Another 20 patients without progressive hearing loss for at least 3 years after acoustic trauma were assigned to Group B. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of age, sex, laterality, and noise source. Before treatment, all patients received audiometry, and caloric, ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP), and cervical VEMP (cVEMP) tests.

Results:

Percentages of abnormal mean hearing level (MHL), cVEMP test, oVEMP test, and caloric test were 75%, 75%, 61%, and 43% in Group A, and 35%, 57%, 61%, and 39% in Group B, respectively. Both groups exhibited a significantly declining sequence in inner ear function. Comparison of the abnormalities in the inner ear test battery between Groups A and B revealed a significant difference in percentages of abnormal MHL, but not in those of abnormal cVEMP, oVEMP, and caloric tests.

Conclusion:

Secondary hydrops after acoustic trauma occurs mainly on the cochlear part, but less on the vestibular part probably because previous acoustic trauma, i.e., firearms have severely damaged the vestibular partition.

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