To correlate objective measures of vestibular and audiometric function as well as subjective measures of dizziness handicap with the surface area of the superior canal dehiscence (SCD).Study Design:
Retrospective chart review and radiological analysis.Setting:
Single tertiary academic referral center.Patients:
Preoperative computed tomography imaging, patient survey, audiometric thresholds, and vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) testing in patients with confirmed SCD.Intervention(s):
Image analysis techniques were developed to measure the surface area of each SCD in computed tomography imaging.Main Outcome Measure(s):
Preoperative ocular and cervical VEMPs, air and bone conduction thresholds, air-bone gap, dizziness handicap inventory scores, and surface area of the SCD.Results:
Fifty-three patients (mean age 52.7 yr) with 84 SCD were analyzed. The median surface area of dehiscence was 1.44 mm2 (0.068–8.23 mm2). Ocular VEMP amplitudes (r = 0.61, p <0.0001), cervical VEMP amplitudes (r = 0.62, p <0.0001), air conduction thresholds at 250 Hz (r = 0.25, p = 0.043), and air-bone gap at 500 Hz (r = 0.27, p = 0.01) positively correlated with increasing size of dehiscence. An inverse relationship between cervical VEMP thresholds (r = −0.56, p < 0.0001) and surface area of the dehiscence was observed. No association between dizziness handicap and surface area was identified.Conclusion:
Among patients with confirmed SCD, ocular and cervical VEMP amplitudes, cervical VEMP thresholds, and air conduction thresholds at 250 Hz are significantly correlated with the surface area of the dehiscence.