A Novel Mutation in SLC26A4 Causes Nonsyndromic Autosomal Recessive Hearing Impairment

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Abstract

Background:

Heterozygous mutations in GJB2 (MIM: 121011) encoding the gap junction protein connexin 26 are overrepresented in patient groups suffering from nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing impairment (HI) implying the involvement of additional genetic factors. Mutations in SLC26A4 (MIM: 605646), encoding the protein pendrin can cause both Pendred syndrome and autosomal recessive, nonsyndromic HI locus 4 type sensorineural HI (MIM: 600791).

Objectives:

Aim of this study was to investigate the role of SLC26A4 coding mutations in a nonsyndromic hearing impairment (NSHI) patient group bearing heterozygous GJB2 35delG mutations.

Design:

We analyzed the 20 coding exons of SLC26A4 in a group of patients (n = 15) bearing heterozygous 35delG mutations and exclusively suffering from congenital HI.

Results:

In a case of bilateral congenital hearing loss we identified a rare, novel SLC26A4 exon 2 splice donor mutation (c.164+1delG) predicted to truncate pendrin in the first cytoplasmic domain, as a compound heterozygote with the pathogenic missense mutation c.1061T>C (p.354F>S; rs111033243).

Conclusions:

Screening for SLC26A4 mutations may identify the genetic causes of hearing loss in patients bearing heterozygous mutations in GJB2.

Hypothesis:

SLC26A4 coding mutations are genetic causes for nonsyndromic HI in patients bearing heterozygous GJB2 35delG mutations.

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