Comparison of Video Head Impulse Test in the Posterior Semicircular Canal Plane and Cervical Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential in Patients With Vestibular Neuritis

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Abstract

Objective:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the results of cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) and video head impulse test (p-vHIT) of posterior semicircular canal considered tools of inferior vestibular nerve function in vestibular neuritis.

Study Design:

Prospective cohort study.

Setting:

Tertiary otology clinic.

Patients and Interventions:

Seventy-nine patients with vestibular neuritis participated in this study. We analyzed the interaural amplitude difference in cVEMP with a positive rate of p-vHIT according to gain and corrective saccade in the study population.

Main Outcome Measure:

To evaluate the concordance rate of both tests, we analyzed Fleiss’ Kappa value inter-test agreement of cVEMP with p-vHIT. Finally, we performed detailed analysis of the bilaterally absent response on cVEMP according to the p-vHIT results.

Results:

The inter-test agreement between cVEMP and p-vHIT was 69.8% as we also considered the lesion side. This result indicated a statistically fair to good agreement in both tests. In mostly elderly patients with a bilaterally absent response (11 patients) on cVEMP, as a result of vHIT, nine patients with a bilaterally negative response on p-vHIT showed only canal paresis. Two patients showed canal paresis and a unilaterally positive response on p-vHIT.

Conclusions:

Inter-test agreement between cVEMP and p-vHIT assessed in vestibular neuritis was relatively lower than we had predicted. Probably, p-vHIT can provide additional information on the differential diagnosis of dysfunction of the inferior vestibular nerve which is composed of the saccular nerve and the posterior ampullary nerve.

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