Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Children: A Report of 75 Cases

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Abstract

Objective:

To investigate the characteristics, treatment, and prognostic factors of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) in children.

Methods:

Seventy-five cases (78 ears) of SSNHL in children from February 2011 to June 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. We scrutinized the clinical manifestations, audiological assessments, and serologic examinations of these pediatric cases by univariate and multivariate logistic analysis methods. The patients were divided into four groups according to their audiometric curve type: ascending, descending, flat, and profound.

Results:

Of the 75 patients (78 ears), 25 patients were in the ascending group (32.00%), 9 patients were in the descending group (12.00%), 17 patients were in the flat group (22.67%), and 24 patients were in the profound group (32.32%). The overall recovery rates (complete + partial + slight) of the different groups were as follows: ascending group, 96.00%; flat group, 76.47%; profound group, 50.00%; and descending group, 44.44%. The overall recovery rate of all patients was 70.67%. The multivariate logistic analysis showed that the type of audiometric curve and the interval from onset to intervention were two independent risk factors that correlated with the prognosis of SSNHL in children. Some children had positive cytomegaoviyns, rubella virus, and herpes simplex virus immunoglobulin G antibodies. Twenty-one children were treated with additional intratympanic methylprednisolone as salvage therapy and 13 of these children showed improved (complete + partial + slight) recoveries. Three children had postauricular compound betamethasone injections, but none of them showed improvement. One of three children recovered slightly after treatment with intratympanic methylprednisolone combined with postauricular betamethasone injection.

Conclusions:

The prognosis of SSNHL in children is closely related to the type of audiometric curve and the onset of treatment. Intratympanic methylprednisolone and compound betamethasone injected postauricularly could be effective for SSNHL in children.

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