Inappropriate ICD Therapy: Does Device Configuration Make a Difference

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Abstract

Introduction

Inappropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy (IT) is a common complication in patients with ICD. IT is commonly triggered by supraventricular tachycardias (SVT). Dual chamber ICDs (D-ICDs) may distinguish SVT from ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation better than single chamber ICDs (S-ICDs) and may be associated with a smaller incidence of IT.

Methods

We reviewed the charts of 386 patients who had an ICD implanted for an AHA class I indication. Intracardiac electrograms were used to classify shocks as either appropriate or inappropriate.

Results

Of 295 patients with an S-ICD, 66 (22.3%) received IT, compared to 5 (5.4%) of 91 patients with a D-ICD. The likelihood of being event-free at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years was 96.1%, 96.1%, 96.1%, and 89% for patients with D-ICD and 80.7%, 72.7%, 69.6%, and 66.4%, respectively, for patients with S-ICD (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed no significant association with age, sex, history of atrial fibrillation, history of hypertension, or ejection fraction. SVTs were the commonest cause of IT in our patients.

Conclusion

Patients with D-ICD are less likely to receive IT as compared to patients with S-ICD.

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