Effects of the Location of Myocardial Infarction on the Spectral Characteristics of Ventricular Fibrillation

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Abstract

Background

The location of the myocardial infarction (MI) might modify the spectral characteristics of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in humans.

Objective

To evaluate the effect of the location of the infarcted area on the spectral parameters of VF.

Methods

Patients with chronic MI (29 anterior, 32 inferior) and induced VF during cardioverter defibrillator implant were retrospectively studied. Dominant frequency (fd), organization index (OI), and power of the harmonic peaks were calculated in the device-stored electrograms (EGM) during sinus rhythm (SR) and VF.

Results

The fd of the VF was not affected by the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) or the MI location (anterior: 4.54 ± 0.74 Hz, inferior: 4.77 ± 0.48 Hz, n.s.). The OI was also similar in both groups. However, in patients with inferior MIs, normalized peak power at fd was higher (118.3 ± 18.5 vs 100.6 ± 28.2, P < 0.01) and the normalized peak power of the harmonics was lower than in the anterior MI group. The analysis of EGM during SR showed similar results. The size of the necrotic area and its distance to the recording electrode might partially explain these results.

Conclusion

In our series, the spectral characteristics of the EGMs during VF showed significant differences depending on the MI localization. A higher fraction of energy (in the low-frequency region) was seen in inferior MIs, whereas the peak power at the harmonics increased in anterior MIs. A similar effect was seen during SR and VF, suggesting that it is caused by local electrophysiology abnormalities induced by the MI rather than by different intrinsic characteristics of the VF.

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