Cardioembolic Stroke in Patients with Patent Foramen Ovale and Implanted Cardiac Leads

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Implanted cardiac devices, including pacemakers, defibrillators, and resynchronization devices, are known to develop thrombus on their intravascular leads. Patent foramen ovale (PFO) occurs in approximately one-quarter of the adult population. It is unclear whether paradoxical cardioembolism and clinically relevant stroke occur in patients with implanted cardiac leads and PFO. We present a case series of four patients with cardioembolic stroke, presumed to arise from intravascular cardiac leads and associated PFO that required device closure of the PFO..(PACE 2013; 36:50–54)

    loading  Loading Related Articles