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A patient's readiness to adopt a self-management approach to pain has been suggested as a construct that may explain differences among patients in coping, adjustment, and response to multidisciplinary pain treatment. The pain stages of change questionnaire (PSOCQ; Pain, 72 (1997) 227) was designed to assess four components of this construct. The current study tested the following two hypotheses in two different samples of persons with chronic pain. PSOCQ scales are associated with (1) coping strategies used to manage pain and (2) patient disability and depression. The findings supported the first hypothesis and provided mixed support for the second. The implications of the findings for understanding the readiness to self-manage pain construct and the validity of the PSOCQ for assessing this construct are discussed.