Modulation of External Pancreatic Secretion by Endogenous Norepinephrine: Study with a Norepinephrine Uptake Blocker in the Rat

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The effect of endogenous catecholamines on pancreatic secretion was analyzed with nisoxetine, a specific norepinephrine uptake blocker, and specific adrenoceptor antagonists in anesthetized acute fistula rats. Nisoxetine was administered alone or with alpha-1 (prazosin), alpha-2 (idazoxan or yohimbine), or beta (propranolol) adrenoceptor antagonists. Pancreatic secretion was measured in basal conditions or after stimulation by 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG), electrical vagal stimulation, or acetylcholine. (a) Basal. Nisoxetine alone had no effect. Associated with idazoxan or yohimbine, nisoxetine produced a dose-related stimulation (p < 0.01) of water and electrolyte without changing protein output. Addition of propranolol abolished this stimulation. (b) 2DG. Nisoxetine inhibited 2DG-induced secretion (p < 0.01). Idazoxan or yohimbine suppressed the nisoxetine inhibition of water and electrolyte output (p < 0.01) but had no effect on protein output, which was restored only by adding a mixture of idazoxan, prazosin, and propranolol. (c) Electrical stimulation. Nisoxetine did not modify water and electrolyte but inhibited protein response by 75%. Adding idazoxan to nisoxetine significantly increased (p < 0.01) water and bicarbonate response and partly restored protein response. Water and bicarbonate response was restored by propranolol, whereas protein response was only restored by adding a mixture of idazoxan, prazosin, and propranolol. (d) Nisoxetine did not modify pancreatic response to acetylcholine. In conclusion, endogenous norepinephrine affects the response to vagally mediated effects through several subtypes of adrenoceptors, without changing basal or acetylcholine stimulated secretion.

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